Warbirds Online

Archive for June, 2010

This Week In Military/Aviation History 28 June – 4 July

June 27, 2010 11:22 pm

Hello Folks, looks like it’s just me here again this week. Darn, it’s lonely at the top, which is where I seem to wind up every Sunday. I’m getting too old to support this huge site all by myself. Why don’t you Folks get on the proprietors of this thing and tell them to get on the stick. Go on WIX and let them know. I’ve been trying to get them to teach me how to work this thing the right way for a heck of a long time, but no joy. Actually, I don’t even know if you are out there anyway. I hope you are and you enjoy our little strolls. Logically, if you’re not out there, don’t bother. However, if you are, raise a !@###$$ ruckus. This site has so much potential it’s not funny. Oops, I’m getting wound up so I better calm down and start our little stroll down History Lane. Care to join me? OK let’s get started.

Tom ( a bit disgruntled….again) K. ;)

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1 July 1907
An Aeronautical Division is established within the office of the Chief Signal Officer of the United States Army and becomes the first ‘heavier-than-air’ military unit. Under the command of Captain Charles de Forest Chandler, the unit’s strength was one officer, one non-commissioned officer and one enlisted man. A contract was placed with the Wright brothers for an aircraft and flight tests began in August.

30 June 1910
American Glenn Hammond Curtiss drops dummy bombs on the shape of a battleship marked out on Lake Keuka.

28 June 1911
An English aviator, Tom Sopwith, makes the first charter flight, when hired by the firm Wanamaker’s to deliver a pair of spectacles to Mr W.A. Burpee. Mr Burpee was a passenger on the liner Olympic, which had left New York harbor on a transatlantic voyage. Sopwith, flying his Howard Wright biplane overhauled the liner, then several miles out to sea, and dropped the carefully wrapped package onto the deck.

1 July 1911
The first United States Navy (USN) aeroplane, a Curtiss A1 Triad hydro-aeroplane, is flown.

28 June 1912
Delag passenger-carrying airship Zeppelin LZ10 ‘Schwaben’ is destroyed by fire while in its shed.

2 July 1912
The Danish Army Flying School is established.

1 July 1913
The Dutch Luchtvaartafdeling is formed.

28 June 1914
Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, is assassinated in Sarajevo.

July 1914
German R. Böhm remains airborne for 24 hours 12 minutes, flying an Albatros BI to establish the last international flight endurance record before the First World War.

Another German, H. Oelerich, flying a DFW BI, reaches an altitude of 8,150 meters (26,740 feet) and establishes the last international altitude record before the First World War.

1 July 1915
German Fokker E1 monoplane fighters, the first aeroplanes to be fitted with synchronized machine-guns, enabling them to be fired through the propeller arc, are introduced on the Eastern Front.

The Office of Naval Aeronautics is formed to oversee United States naval air operations.

A French Morane-Saulnier monoplane is destroyed by Leutnant Kurt Wintgens, flying a Fokker M5K with synchronized machine-gun equipment.

1 July 1916
The Russian Aviation Experimental Bureau (RIB) is established at the Moscow Higher Technical School.

28 June 1917
Commercial airmail flights are instituted between Naples and Palermo in Italy.

30 June 1917
Lieutenant Colonel William ‘Billy’ Mitchell replaces Major T.F.Dodd as Aviation Officer of the American Expeditionary Forces.

28 June 1919
The Versailles Peace Treaty is signed. Under the treaty, Germany is forbidden from having an air force or producing military aircraft.

July 1919
Compagnie des Transports Aéronautiques du Sud-Ouest is formed as a charter operator flying to points around the Bay of Biscay.

1 July 1924
The first regular transcontinental airmail flights begin in the USA.

2 July 1926
The United States Army Air Service (USAAS) changes its name to the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC).

28-29 June 1927
Lieutenant A. Hegenberger and Lieutenant L. Maitland, fly from Oakland in California to Honolulu in Hawaii in a Fokker C2 monoplane.

3-5 July 1928
A Savoia-Marchetti S64 monoplane, flown by Italians Captain Arturo Ferrarin and Maggiore Carlo Del Prete, breaks distance records with a flight of over 7,000 kilometers.

3 July 1929
A successful conclusion to the ‘parasite’ trials is reached when a modified Vought VO-1, flown by Lieutenant A.W. Gordon, hooks onto United States Navy (USN) airship ‘Los Angeles’.

1 July 1933
Unable to immediately purchase Boeing Model 247s, Transcontinental & Western Air (TWA) had requested that the Douglas Aircraft Company develop a competitor. The Douglas DC1 makes its first flight on this date.

1-15 July 1933
24 Italian Savoia-Marchetti S55X flying boats, under the command of General Italo Balbo, make the first transatlantic formation flight. The flight between Italy and Chicago in Illinois is to take part in the Century of Progress Exposition.

2 July 1937
Amelia Earhart and Captain Fred Noonan are lost over the Pacific during an attempted round the world flight.

28 June 1939
Germany and Italy undertake discussions which will lead to “the closest co-operation between German and Italian Air Forces.”

July 1939
The first operational use of Soviet 82mm RS82 air-to-ground rockets takes place near Khalkin Gol in Outer Mongolia.

1 July 1942
The first Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress for the 8th United States Army Air Force (USAAF) lands at Prestwick in Scotland.

1 July 1945
With air support from the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) and the 5th and 13th United States Army Air Force (USAAF), the Australian 7th division lands on the South-east coast of Borneo.

2 July 1945
Japanese authorities begin a major evacuation of people from Tokyo, due to heavy and continuous air attacks by the Americans.

1 July 1946
Operation Crossroads: a Boeing B-29 of the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) drops an atomic bomb over 73 naval vessels anchored at Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean.

3 July 1947
The Philippine Air Force is re-established.

28 June 1948
British Berlin Airlift operations begin.

28 June 1950
A Lockheed RF80A surveys North Korean troops completing the United States Air Force’s first reconnaissance mission by a jet.

30 June 1950
It is announced that American ground forces have left Japan for operations in Korea and that No.77 Fighter Squadron Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), with American Mustang fighters, has been offered for service in Korea.

3 July 1950
The first United States naval jet fighters are involved in air combat, including Grumman F9F2 Panthers flown from the carrier USS Valley Forge.

1 July 1952
The Portuguese Air Force is formed, with the unification of Portuguese Arma da Aeronautica and Aviacao Maritima.

1 July 1953
Civil air traffic control in West Germany is handed over to the Federal German Government.

1 July 1954
Japanese National Defense Forces are officially constituted.

3-4 June 1955
Canadian Pacific Air Lines inaugurates a polar route, flown by Douglas DC06B ‘Empress of Amsterdam’.

1 July 1958
Royal Nepal Airlines is formed as a wholly government-owned airline, operating domestic services.

30 June 1968
The Lockheed C-5A Galaxy makes its first flight from Dobbins Air Force Base in Georgia.

4 July 1969
The modern hang glider is developed in United States by Australian Bill Moyes, while working for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). The first flight is made by fellow Australian Bill Bennett who takes off on water skis near Staten Island in New York and then flies over the Statue of Liberty.

30 June 1977
United States President Carter announces the cancellation of the B1 bomber project, favouring instead cruise missiles in place of the piloted bomber.

4 July 1977
Patricia Undall and Nan Gaylord win the 30th and final annual women’s United States transcontinental air race, nicknamed ‘The Powder Puff Derby’.

3 July 1981
Aeroflot inaugurates its first international service with the Ilyushin Il86 on the airline’s Moscow-East Berlin route.

1 July 1982
Denmark integrates its three armed services, although each will retain a separate identity.

2 July 1982
The first 112 Panavia Tornados for the Federal German Marineflieger are delivered.

Free Enterprise, designed to fly around the world non-stop and without refuelling, crashes on a test flight, killing its pilot Tom Jewett.

2 July 1984
Escadron de Chasse (EC) ½ at Dijon is the first unit to become operational with the Dassault-Breguet Mirage 2000.

2-3 July 1987
Per Lindstrand and Richard Branson complete the first transatlantic balloon flight in ‘Virgin Atlantic’, the largest hot-air balloon the world had ever seen, with a capacity of 60,314 cubic meters (2,130,000 cubic feet). Virgin Atlantic covers 3,075 miles from Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine to Eglinton in County Londonderry in 31 hours 41 minutes.

July `1988
A proposal for a cease-fire in the Iran-Iraq war is advanced.

1 July 1988
CAAC, the Chinese state airline, changes its name to become Air China.

3 July 1988
An Iranian Air Airbus 300 is shot down by the United States Navy (USN) guided missile cruiser USS Vincennes, after mistaking it for an Iranian Grumman F-14 Tomcat, killing all 286 people on board.

1 Jul 1989
The crowd at the Paris air show is stunned when the Soviet Sukhoi Su-27 performs its ‘Cobra’ maneuver. The Cobra sees the aircraft transfer from level flight to a vertical attitude and back to level flight with negligible changes in altitude.

4 July 1989
One person is killed when a Soviet Air Force Mikoyan MiG-23 crashes near Courtrai in Belgium. The pilot had ejected over Polish airspace due to technical problems with the aircraft. The MiG-23 was then escorted by two United States Air Force (USAF) McDonnell Douglas F-15s under orders not to attack unless the aircraft was about to come down on a town.

29 June 1990
The Canadian aerospace company Bombardier takes over the manufacture of the Learjet from Integrated Resources of the USA.

29 June 1992
The first Advanced Light Helicopter developed by Hindustani Aeronautics and Messerschmitt Bolkow-Blohm is rolled out in Bangalore.

4 July 1992
The aircraft carrier USS George Washington comes into service.

29 June 1996
The original ‘Air Force One’, the Boeing VC-137 used as the official aircraft of United States Presidents since 1959, is taken out of service.

4 July 1997
The Mars Pathfinder lands on the surface of Mars after its 6 month journey from Earth.

July 2000
United Airlines buys its rival, United States Airways, in a $11.6 billion deal. The deal strengthens the Star alliance, a group of airlines that includes United and Lufthansa, and puts pressure on British Airways to consolidate its rival OneWorld grouping.

Negotiations are finalized by the Indian Navy for a further six Tupolev Tu-142M maritime surveillance aircraft from Russia, costing approximately $200 million.

3 July 2001
More than three months after its emergency landing at Lingshui airbase in China, the United States Navy EP-3E Aries III is air freighted back to America on a chartered Russian An-124. The Chinese Government insist that a civilian aircraft be used to remove the aircraft.

2-3 July 2005
Steve Fossett and co-pilot Mark Rebholz recreated the first direct crossing of the Atlantic by the British team of John Alcock and Arthur Whitten-Brown on 14 June 1919 in a Vickers Vimy bi-plane.

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That’s it for this week Folks. See ya in seven.

This Week In Military/Aviation History 21-27 June

June 20, 2010 10:18 pm

Hello Folks, well, seven more in the books which means there are now 20 days until aircraft arrival day for the Geneseo Airshow 2010. Boy, is it flying by. (No pun intended…..really). I hope your week went well and all you Dads out there had one AB FAN Father’s Day. My son is grown so no more handmade presents. Pity. He does owe me dinner and a movie when a half way decent movie I’d like to see comes up. Right now nothing out there floats my boat. Oh well. What say we get started on our weekly stroll down History Lane shall we? Yes, I think we should and we shall.

Tom K. ;)

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21 June 1911
Edouard Nieport flies at 87mph in his Nie-2N monoplane.

26 June 1912
The Japanese government forms a Kaigun Kokujutsu Kenkyu Kai (Naval Committee for Aeronautical Research).

27 June 1912
The Italian Aviation Service is formed from the Battaglione Aviatori (Aviation Battalion).

21 June 1913
American Miss Georgia ‘Tiny’ Broadwick is the first woman to descend from an aeroplane by parachute when Glenn L Martin flies her up to 2,000 feet above Griffith Park in Los Angeles.

23 June 1916
Victor Emmanuel Chapman of the Lafayette Escadrille, becomes the first American pilot to be killed in action.

26 June 1917
Prompted by the entry of the United States into the war, the German Army Air Service unveils its Amerika-programm (America Program), which provides for the creation of 40 new fighter squadrons and the expansion of aircraft manufacturing output from 1,000 to 2,000 aircraft per month.

23 June 1919
Seven German Navy Zeppelins are scuttled by their crews at Nordholz to prevent them being handed over to the Allies as part of the Versailles Peace Treaty.

25 June 1919
The world’s first purpose-built all metal commercial aircraft flies as the German Junkers F13. 322 are eventually built.

27 June 1923
The first air-to-air flight refuelling is demonstrated by Captain L.H. Smith and Lieutenant J.P. Richter of the United States Army Air Service (USAAS) flying two de Havilland DH4Bs over San Diego in California.

23 June – 1 July 1931
Wiley Post and Harold Gatty fly round the world in a Lockheed aircraft, the ‘Winnie Mae’. 15,474 miles are completed in 8 days 15 hours 51 minutes.

26 June 1935
The first flight of the Breguet-Dorand Gyroplane Laboratoire helicopter in France.

26 June 1936
German Ewarld Rohlfs makes the first flight of the Focke Wulf Fw61 twin rotor helicopter. Although it lasts for only about 30 seconds, the flight establishes the aircraft as the world’s first completely successful helicopter.

25 June 1938
Deutche Luft Hansa introduces the Focke Wulf Fw200 on its Berlin to London route.

27-28 June 1938
Russian airmen, Kokkinski and Briandinsky, fly from Moscow to Vladivostock in 24 hours, covering a total distance of 4,375 miles.

22 June 1941
Operation Barbarossa: the German invasion of the Soviet Union, opens with a massive air assault. By nightfall Soviet losses amount to 1,811 aircraft of which 1,489 were destroyed on the ground. The Luftwaffe losses are light, with only 35 aircraft destroyed.

At 0430hrs Lieutenant Kokorev of the 124th Fighter Regiment, Red Air Force deliberately rams a German Messerschmitt Bf110. This is the first recorded instance of a battering ram attack during the Second Word War.

24-25 June 1944
The Luftwaffe uses the Mistel composite aircraft for the first time. This initial night operation sees five composite aircraft, combining the Messerschmitt Bf109F and Junkers Ju-88A deployed against Allied shipping in the Seine Bay.

25 June 1944
2,400 Allied bombers make a saturation raid on German positions at St Lo in France. The operation occurs in front of the American positions, in an attempt to ‘soften up’ the enemy prior to an allied breakout.

25 June 1945
The National Skyway Freight Corporation is established as the first all freight airline in the USA. In 1946 it will adopt the title Flying Tiger Line Inc.

22 June 1946
Two United States Army Air Force (USAAF) Lockheed P80 Shooting Star fighters carry the first United States airmail to travel by turbojet powered aircraft, from Shenectady to Washington DC and Chicago in Illinois.

26 June 1946
The United States Army Air Force (USAAF) and United States Navy (USN) officially adopt the knot and nautical mile as standard aeronautical units for speed and distance.

24 June 1948
For ‘technical reasons’, the Soviet military authorities stop all rail services between Berlin and West Germany.

26 June 1948
The first airlift of supplies into Berlin is organized by the United States Air Force (USAF), using C47s based at Frankfurt. This marks the beginning of the Berlin Airlift.

26 June 1949
The first anniversary of the Berlin Airlift – 1.8 million tons of supplies has been airlifted in.

25 June 1950
The Korean War begins, with North Korean forces invading South Korea – Yak fighters attack Kimpo airfield.

27 June 1950
President Truman announces that the United States Air Force (USAF) will assist South Korea. The first enemy aircraft, a Yak 9 is shot down by Lieutenant William G. Hudson, USAF, flying an F82 Mustang.

23 June 1952
A civil aviation agreement between Britain and Denmark is signed in London.

23 June 1955
United States Navy (USN) aircraft are attacked by Russian planes near the Bering Strait.

27 June 1962
The North American X15A is piloted by Joe Walker to a new top speed of 6,693kph (4,159mph).

Colonel G. Mosolov establishes a new world speed record for the Soviet Union, flying the Mikoyan Ye166 to record a speed of 2,681kph (1,666mph).

22 June 1975
A new world speed record for women is established in the Soviet Union by Svetlana Savitskaya, flying a Mikoyan Ye133 at a speed of 2,683kph. (1,667mph).

22 June 1976
The Soviet Union launches the Salyut space station into orbit.

27 June 1979
The McDonnell Douglas F15 Eagle makes its combat debut, serving with the Israeli Air force, they destroy five Syrian MiG21s.

26 June 1988
An Airbus Industrie A320 airliner crashes into trees at low speed after making a low-level display pass at the Mulhourse air show, killing 3 people out of 130 on board.

21 June 1994
The role of women pilots in the French Air Force is extended to include combat flying.

22 June 1995
The result of the United States’ Joint Primary Aircraft Training System (JPATS) joint service trainer competition is announced and the Beech/British Aerospace (BAe) version of the Pilatus PC9 turboprop is the winner.

25 June 1997
The Russian space station Mir and its re-supply craft collide in orbit forcing the Mir astronauts to shut down most of the spacecraft’s systems.

23-24 June 2001
The Lockheed Martin X35B Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) Short Take-Off Vertical Landing (STOVL) demonstrator begins flight testing vertical take-off, hovering and the transition to forward. The rival Boeing X32B completes its first hover and transition to forward flight on 24 June.

21 June 2004
SpaceShipOne is the first non-government built spacecraft to transport a person into space and return safely to earth.

24 June 2004
Volga-AviaExpress Flight 1303 and Siberia Airlines Flight 1047 explode south of Domodedovo International Airport in Moscow. The Russian government declares the explosions to have been caused by Chechen terrorists.

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That’s it for this week Folks. See ya in seven.

This Week In Military/Aviation History 14-20 June

June 13, 2010 10:06 pm

Hello Folks, yep, here I am again, That must mean another seven days are gone that we can’t ever get back. Darn, that was fast. I hope your week went well. A bit more work was done on the A-20 being reassembled in Geneseo. The engine cowlings have been installed. I don’t know why, but because the cowlings are on, it looks more like an aircraft to me. This aircraft will be on display in the hanger for all to see during the airshow for which aircraft arrival day is only 27 short days away. I will, (God willing), of course, be there promoting the Website Message Board and signing up new members. Hope to see you Folks there. Well, i think it’s about time we take our weekly trip down History Lane, shall we? Yes, once again, I think should and we shall.

Tom K. ;)

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20 June 1909
Zeppelin LZ3 is delivered to the German Army.

17 June 1910
The Vlaicu I parasol monoplane makes it’s first flight in Romania.

Zeppelin LZ7 ‘Deutschland’ begins passenger services in Germany.

18 June 1911
The Circuit of Europe air race starts in Paris.

17 June 1912
Julie Clark becomes the first American woman to be killed flying when she hits a tree at Springfield in Illinois.

18 June 1916
Oberleutnant Max Immelman ,’The Eagle of Lille’, is killed in combat with 2nd Lieutenant G.R. McCubbin of No.25 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps (RFC).

H.Clyde Balsley of the Lafayette Escadrille, becomes the first American pilot to be shot down, but although wounded, he survives the engagement.

14 June 1917
Zeppelin LZ92 (L43) is shot down by British aircraft over the North Sea.

16 June 1917
93 civilian mechanics sail from the United States for England to study the British and French aviation industries.

17 June 1917
Zeppelin LZ95 (L48) is shot down by British aircraft over Suffolk in England by British aircraft.

Zeppelin LZ28 (L40) is wrecked at Neuenwald in Germany.

16 June 1922
Henry A. Berliner demonstrates his helicopter at College Park in Maryland.

14 June 1923
The New Zealand Permanent Air Force is formed.

19 June 1931
The Canadian opera singer Lissaint Beardmore uses a Professor glider (sailplane) to make the first cross-Channel glider flight from Lympne in Kent to St. Inglevert near Boulogne.

20 June 1939
The first flight of the Heinkel He176 is piloted by Flugkapitän Erich Warsitz at Peenemünde in Germany. This is the first flight of a manned, specifically designed rocket-powered aircraft.

20 June 1941
The United States Army Air Force (USAAF) is formed with Major General H.H. Arnold as its Chief.

18 June 1942
Major General Carl Spaatz is appointed to command the 8th United States Army Air Force (USAAF) in the United Kingdom.

15 June 1944
With massive air support from Task Force 58 carrier aircraft, United States forces begin landings on Saipan in the Mariana Islands.

15-16 June 1944
Boeing B-29 Superfortress aircraft of the 20th United States Army Air Force (USAAF) carry out their first raid against Japan from airfields near Chengtu in China. The raid is a night attack on the iron and steel mills at Yawata, Kyushu.

18-19 June 1948
All road traffic between Berlin and West Germany is halted by Soviet military authorities.

15 June – 1 July
The 19th International Air Exhibition is held in Paris.

17 June 1951
United States Air Force (USAF) Superfortresses bomb Pyongyang and Sariwon airfields. Air fighting between USAF North American Sabre jet fighters and Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15s results in one enemy aircraft being shot down.

18 June 1951
An agreement is signed between the United States and Saudi Arabia giving the United States special rights to use Dharan airfield on the Persian Gulf for the next 5 years.

In air fighting over Korea between Sabre and Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 aircraft, five North Korean aircraft are destroyed.

20 June 1951
North Korea loses ten planes, including four Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15s, in air fighting over North West Korea.

16 June 1952
Russian Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 jet fighters attack a Swedish Consolidated Catalina amphibian.

17 June 1952
The world’s largest non-rigid airship (ZPN1) is delivered by the Goodyear Aircraft Company to the United States Navy (USN).

14 June 1953
Communist aircraft bomb Kimpo and Inchon near Seoul.

18 June 1953
The world’s first air disaster involving more than 100 deaths occurs when a United States Air Force C-124 Globemaster II crashes after take-off in Japan.

20 June 1956
The United States Navy (USN) commissions its first helicopter assault carrier, the USS Thetis Bay.

16 June 1963
The launch of the second Soviet spacecraft in two days. Vostok 6 carries the first woman into space, cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova, who makes 48 orbits of the earth.

17 June 1967
The Chinese People’s Republic detonates its first thermonuclear device.

17 June 1977
The Soviet Union’s Cosmos 918 satellite is launched and intercepts the Cosmos 909 target, which was launched on 19 May.

20 June 1980
Beech Aircraft return to the commuter airliner market with the first flight of their C99 aircraft.

15 June 1981
The Pakistani Foreign Minister announces the purchase of General Dynamics F-16s for the national air force.

18 June 1983
The Space Shuttle Challenger launches on a mission that will see the first satellite retrieval and the first American woman in space. Dr Sally Ride, aged 32, is also the youngest United States astronaut to date.

20 June 2004
Frontier Airlines begins service to Nashville, Tennessee.

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That’s it for this week Folks. See ya in seven.

This Week In Military/Aviation History 7-13 June

June 6, 2010 10:17 pm

Hello again Folks. Yep, another week shot to heck already. I hope yours went well with a minimum of stress. That’s a rare thing today, isn’t it? Oh well. We’ll put this one to rest, and take a nice no-stress stroll down History Lane, shall we? Yes, I think we shall. Of course, 66 years ago today was extremely stressful for the hundreds of thousands of Folks involved in the D-Day invasion of Normandy. Let’s never forget their sacrifices that day and the sacrifices of so many others made during the wars before and after WWII and including today where sacrifices continue to be made. Pray for our troops and respect our vets. This is the land of the free because of the brave.

Tom K. ;)

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10 June 1908
The Aeronautical Society of New York, the first flying club, opens with facilities at Morris Park Racetrack.

12 June 1909
The Blériot Type XII becomes the first aeroplane to carry two passengers (Santos-Dumont and Fournier) at Issy-les-Moulineaux in France.

9 June 1910
The first aircraft reconnaissance is made by Captain Marconnet and Lieutenant Fequant of the French Army. They used a single seat Henri Farman biplane on a 2½ hour, 145 kilometer flight from Camp de Châlons at Mourmelon to Vincennes. Fequart piloted the aircraft while Marconnet, armed with a hand held camera, squeezed into a narrow space between the seat and the engine. During the flight, photographs were taken of roads, railways, towns and the countryside.

10 June 1910
The French Army obtains a Wright biplane.

13 June 1910
Charles Hamilton wins the New York Times’ $10,000 prize for a return flight between New York and Philadelphia.

7 June 1912
Pioneer Anglo-French aviator, Hubert Latham, is killed by a buffalo while on safari in Central Africa.

10 June 1912
The first German airmail is flown by airships ‘Schwaben’ and ‘Gelber Hund’ from Darmstadt to Frankfurt/Main.

10 June 1913
The longest flight between sunrise and sunset wins Marcel Brindejonc des Moulinais the Pommeroy cup. He flies 900 miles from Paris to Warsaw.

13 June 1917
Fourteen Gotha bombers execute the first large-scale daylight bombing raid on London, leaving 162 dead and 432 injured. These casualties represent nearly 20% of all those caused in Britain by aeroplanes between 1914 and 1918.

Hauptmann Ernst von Brandenburg, the leader of the mass Gotha raids, wins the Pour le Mérite.

12 June 1918
American aircraft of the 96th Aero Squadron carry out the first bombing raid by US aircraft on the Western Front, attacking the railway yards at Dommany-Baroncourt.

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