Well Folks another seven in the books, and what do I have to show for it? Nut ‘n Honey. Oh well, one of these days I’ll get around to doin’ what I plan to, but in the meantime, let’s get down to some serious history, shall we?
30 September 1906
The first international balloon race starts from Les Tuileries in Paris and is won by Lieutenant Frank P. Lahm of the United States Army.
Lahm flies his balloon ‘United States’ a distance of 637 kilometers (402 miles) to Fylingdales Moor in North Yorkshire, England.
29 September 1907
The Bréguet-Richet helicopter lifts off but has to be steadied by ground crew using poles.
Romanian Henri Coanda exhibits a propellerless biplane. It fails.
The first fighter aircraft, a Voisin biplane fitted with a machine gun, is exhibited at the Paris Aero Show.
2 October 1910
The first officially recorded mid-air collision between two aeroplanes occurs in Milan. An Antoinette piloted by Rene Thomas strikes a Henry Farman biplane piloted by Englishman Captain Bertram Dickson. Both pilots survived.
Well Folks, that’s another seven gone that we’ll never get back and here I am again. I’m still horizontal so all is well. (At least as far as I’m concerned.) Let’s get down to some serious history, shall we?
20 September 1904
Wilbur Wright makes the first ever circuit flight in an aeroplane.
17 September 1908
Lieutenant Thomas Etholen Selfridge of the United States Army Signal Corps, becomes the first person to be killed in a powered aeroplane when the Wright biplane in which he is a passenger crashes at Fort Myer. The pilot, Orville Wright, is badly injured.
14 September 1910
Zeppelin LZ6 is destroyed by fire at Boden-Oos.
The French Army use nine aeroplanes in maneuvers as Henry Farman sets up an army flying school.
15 September 1911
Edouard Nieport dies after making an emergency landing during army maneuvers in the Ardennes in France.
17 September 1911
Calbraith P. Rodgers begins the first coast-to-coast flight across the USA, from New York to Pasadena, in a Burgess-Wright aeroplane. He completes the flight on 5 November.
19 September 1911
The first airmail service in Italy starts between Bologna, Venice and Rimini.
19 September 1912
Delag’s Zeppelin LZ13 ‘Hansa’ commences the world’s first international commercial passenger service, flying from Hamburg to Copenhagen in Denmark and Malmo in Sweden.
14 September 1915
German pilot Ernst Udet loses part of the upper wing of his Aviatik B aeroplane during a bombing mission, but returns safely.
15 September 1916
Austrian Lohner flying-boat sinks the French submarine Foucault.
16 September 1916
Zeppelins LZ31 (L6) and LZ36 (L9) are destroyed by fire in their shed at Fuhlsbuttel.
17 September 1916
The German Albatros DI fighter enters service on the Western Front.
Rittmeister Manfred von Richthofen, flying an Albatros DII, is credited with his first combat victory, a British Royal Aircraft Factory FE2b of No.11 Squadron, Royal Flying Corps (RFC).
19 September 1919
Compagnie des Messageries Aériennes (CMA) begins its Paris to London passenger service with Breguet 14s.
16 September 1926
The Lioré et Olivier 20 heavy bomber creates a sensation with a new world record distance carrying a 2,000 kilo bomb-load.
18 September 1928
German airship LZ127 Graf Zeppelin is launched.
Don Juan de la Cierva flies from Croydon to Le Bourget in his C8L MkII autogiro, making the first cross-Channel flight in a rotary wing aircraft.
19 September 1935
Konstantin Tsiolkovski, the early Russian rocket pioneer dies.
14 September 1938
The first flight of Zeppelin LZ130 ‘Graf Zeppelin’.
14 September 1941
Messerschmitt Me321 heavy assault transport gliders (sailplanes) of Staffel [GS] 1 are used for the first time in an operational air assault on Saaremaa island in the Baltic, as part of an attempt to capture the fort of Kübarsaare.
16 September 1941
The Luftwaffe begins leaflet raids on Leningrad, threatening immediate destruction unless the city surrenders.
17-26 September 1944
In an attempt to secure bridges over the Maas, Waal and Lek, Allied paratroopers land at Arnhem, Eindhoven and Nijmegen. The operation is only a partial success as the British 1st Airborne Division is defeated at Arnhem. 2,200 survivors are evacuated but 7,000 are left dead or prisoners.
18 September 1947
The United States Air Force (USAF) is founded, and the new service becomes independent within a newly unified United States armed forces.
14 September 1948
Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) crews join operations on the Berlin Airlift.
20 September 1951
Greece and Turkey become members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).
The United States Air Force (USAF) make a successful recovery of animals launched into space. The monkey and 11 mice are recovered with apparently no ill-effects.
15 September 1956
The Tupolev Tu104 turbo-jet powered airliner enters service with Aeroflot.
18 September 1959
The Douglas DC8 Srs10 enters United States domestic service.
15 September 1978
Professor Willy Messerschmitt, designer of the famous Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter and other aircraft, dies.
19 September 1980
Iran and Iraq go to war with one another, with both sides making extensive use of air power.
20 September 1981
The People’s Republic of China launches three satellites into orbit with a single-booster rocket, making this is the first multiple launch achieved by China.
14 September 1984
High-altitude parachute jumper, ex-United States Air Force (USAF) Colonel Joe Kittenger begins the first solo, non-stop balloon flight across the Atlantic. Kittenger’s flight takes two days.
19 September 1988
Israel launches its first satellite, the Offeq 1, using a Shavit booster rocket.
13 September 1906
Alberto Santos-Dumont’s 14-bis biplane makes a first hop of 7 metres (23 feet).
7 September 1909
Eugène Lefebvre crashes his Wright Model A at Port Aviation Juvisy and is killed, becoming the first pilot of a powered aeroplane to die while flying.
8 September 1910
The first recorded aerial collision occurs when two brothers named Warchalovski crash in Austria.
8 September 1911
Emmanuel Helen wins a Michelin cup at Etamples in France, covering 777 miles in 14 hours 4 minutes 40 seconds, with 3 stops.
9 September 1912
Jules Vedrines wins the Gordon Bennett cup by flying a world record speed of 173kph (108mph) in his Monocoque Deperdussin monoplane at Chicago.
11 September 1912
Lieutenant Moizo, an Italian, is the first pilot to be captured in warfare when his Nieuport makes a forced landing at Azizia during the Libyan campaign. Moizo, at the time of his capture, was the longest serving pilot in the theatre with 11 months and 82 sorties to his name.
12 September 1912
The first French naval aeroplane, a Maurice Farman fitted with pontoons, is purchased.
9 September 1913
The first German Navy airship, Zeppelin LZ14 (L1), crashes into the North Sea off Heligoland, killing most of the 20-man crew.
12 September 1916
A Hewitt-Sperry radio-controlled flying bomb is tested in America. Powered by a 29kW (10 horse-power) engine it carries a payload of 140 kilos (308 pounds) of explosives up to 80 kilometers (50 miles).
11 September 1917
French fighter ace Capitaine Georges Guynemer is killed.
12-15 September 1918
An assault on the Saint Mihiel Salient, during the Battle of Bapaume, sees the largest number of aircraft assembled for a single operation. 1,483 aircraft of all types, under the command of Brigadier General William ‘Billy’ Mitchell, support American and British ground forces.
7 September 1927
The Cessna Aircraft Company is established by Clyde V. Cessna.
7 September 1932
United States Navy Lieutenant T. Settle and W. Bushnell establish a new world distance record for balloons while taking part in the International Balloon Race at Basle in Switzerland. They land at Vilna in Poland, 1,550 kilometers away (963 miles).
12 September 1942
The 89th Bombardment Squadron of the United States Army Air Force (USAAF) makes the first use of para-fragmentation bombs, during sweeps over Buna airstrip in New Guinea.
9 September 1943
The 46,200 ton Italian battleship Roma is sunk by two Ruhrstahl/Kramer Fritz X1 radio controlled bombs launched from Luftwaffe Dornier Do217s.
12 September 1943
Benito Mussolini is rescued by German glider (sailplane) troops from a hotel in the Gran Sasso mountains where he is being held prisoner. He is airlifted to safety in a Fieseler Fi 156 Storch aircraft.
8 September 1944
Two German V2 ballistic rockets land in Paris and, later in the day, the first V2 launched against England lands at Chiswick in West London. Two people are killed and several injured.
10 September 1945
USS Midway, the first of the United States Navy’s 45,000 ton class carriers is commissioned at Newport News in Virginia.
11-12 September 1946
The first post war meeting of the Fédération Aéronautique International (FAI).
8 September 1951
Japan signed a peace treaty with the United States and 47 other countries at the War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco.
13 September 1951
The impending formation of the United States Air Force’s first guided-missile squadron is announced. The squadron will be equipped with Matador B61s, a surface-to-surface jet powered pilotless bomber.
11 September 1953
The United States Air Force (USAF) announces that the Sidewinder air-to-air missile (AAM) has made its first completely successful interception, destroying a Grumman F6F Hellcat drone.
7 September 1956
The Bell X2 research aircraft is flown by Captain Iven C. Kincheloe to an altitude of 38,466 meters (126,200 feet).
9 September 1959
NASA’s test version of the mercury astronaut capsule is recovered successfully from the Caribbean Sea.
12 September 1959
The Soviet Union’s Luna 2 space probe is launched. and becomes the first man-made object to impact on the Moon.
13 September 1965
The first hot air balloon record is homologated by the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale. B. Bogan of the United States reaches an altitude of 2,978 meters (9,780 feet).
12 September 1970
The three airliners hijacked on the 6 September are blown up by Palestinian Terrorists after they release most of the 255 passengers. The Pan American World Airways (Pan-Am) 747 is blown up after all aboard have been freed. These incidents highlight the vulnerability of international air travel as a terrorist target.
11 September 1971
Israel shoots down an Egyptian Sukhoi Su7 fighter bomber.
7 September 1981
Edwin A. Link, inventor of the Link Trainer, dies aged 77. The Link Trainer was the first flight simulator.
12 September 1995
The first of 72 McDonnell Douglas F15S Eagles, ordered for the Royal Saudi Arabian Air Force, is delivered.
7 September 1997
Initial flight trials of the first pre-production Martin/Boeing F22 Raptor commence. The Raptor is to succeed the United States Air Force’s McDonnell Douglas F15 Eagle in the air dominance fighter role.
8 September 1997
The Boeing 777-300 is rolled out. At 73 meters (242 feet) it is the longest airliner ever built.
11 September 2001
An American Airlines and a United Airlines Boeing 767, each flying from Boston to Los Angeles, are hijacked by terrorists. The commandeered aircraft are flown by the terrorists themselves to New York, where they are crashed into the twin towers of the World Trade Center. The attack results in the collapse of the Twin Towers and the deaths of 2,800 passengers and office workers.
An American Airlines Boeing 757, en route from Washington Dulles to Los Angeles is also hijacked and hits the Pentagon in Washington. A second Boeing 757 is hijacked while flying from Newark to San Fransisco, but passengers overpower the hijackers and the aircraft crashes near Pittsburgh, killing all 45 people on board. The attacks force the closure of American airspace and exacerbate the downturn in the international airline industry.
12 September 2001
Australia’s second biggest airline, Ansett, declares bankruptcy. Although on the verge of bankruptcy for some time, it is thought the terrorist attacks in America pushed the company over the edge.
5 September 2005
Mandala Airlines Flight 091 737 crashes in Indonesia killing at least 117.