Warbirds Online

Archive for March, 2009

Today In Military/Aviation History 30 March – 5 April

March 30, 2009 12:05 am

He’s Baaaack! Yep, yet another seven are gone. Soon there will be another month gone too. Where does this time go? I’ve spent quite a busy day on this thing today, so with your indulgence, let’s get down to some serious history, shall we?

Have an AB FAN week,

Take Care and Be Safe,

Tom K. ;)

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5 April 1907
Louis Blériot makes a brief flight in his Type V monoplane.

April 1910
The French Army forms a ‘Service Aéronautique’.

Two Japanese army officers, Captain Tokugawa and Humazo Hino, are sent to France and Germany respectively to learn to fly.

3 April 1912
American Calbriath P. Rodgers dies when he crashes into the Pacific during a Long Beach air show.

3 April 1913
The second competition for seaplanes is held in Monaco.

April 1914
The Fokker M5k is developed and becomes the prototype for the famous Fokker EIII Eindecker fighter monoplane.

The battleship USS Mississippi and the cruiser USS Birmingham become the first aircraft carriers to be used in warfare. They operate off Vera Cruz with five United States Navy (USN) seaplanes making reconnaissance flights over Mexican lines. The seaplanes are lowered over the side and take-off and land on the water.

1 April 1915
Lieutenant Roland Garros shoots down a German Albatros two-seater with the Hotchkiss machine-gun fitted to his Morane-Saulnier Type L monoplane. Steel wedge deflectors allow the bullets to pass through the propeller arc without damaging the propeller.

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Today In Military/Aviation History 23 – 29 March

March 22, 2009 10:12 pm

Hello Folks, well, seven more up in smoke. Speaking of up in smoke, (Blatant Segue) I hear a pack of smokes is going up $0.61 per pack. $6.10 per carton. Well, If the government can get more Folks to smoke instead of discouraging them, there would be enough revenue to go around. Ya think? Let ‘em smoke until everything clears up and THEN help ‘em to stop. Hmmmm. Maybe this is a “It sounded like a good idea at the time” dealie. I think we just better get down to some serious history, ASAP, shall we?

Have an AB FAN week,

Take Care and Be Safe,

Tom K. ;)

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23 March 1903
The Wright brothers file a patent for an aeroplane based on their No.III glider.

26 March 1910
Plans for Aeropolis, an aerodrome at Le Bourget in France, are announced.

28 March 1910
Frenchman Henri Fabre makes the world’s first take-off from water at La Mede harbour near Marseilles. in the ‘Hydravion’, a powered seaplane.

23 March 1911
Louis Breguet flies the world’s first flight with 11 passengers a distance of 5 kilometers (3.1 miles) in his Breguet biplane.

24 March 1911
Roger Sommer flies the world’s first flight with 12 passengers a distance of 800 meters (2,625 feet) in his Sommer biplane.

29 March 1912
The French Aéronautique Militaire is reorganized into three Groupes, based in Lyon, Reims and Versailles.

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Today In Military/Aviation History 16 – 22 March

March 15, 2009 10:29 pm

Hello Folks, it’s that little old history poster, me! Yep, yet another week done and gone. This weekend is a rather special time for the 1941 Historical Aircraft Group Museum in Geneseo N.Y. (I moderate their Website Message Board) The Museum has acquired a B-23 Dragon that is now with The CAF in Midland Texas. Five of our Folks are now down there disassembling the aircraft and preparing it for transit to Geneseo. If you’re interested, there are two sources for updates on this project. The Message Board I moderate, or WIX in the WIX hangar. The WIX post has the CAF update with photos and I have also posted the HAG updates in a separate post. Stop by either of these sites and check it out.  Now, let’s get down to some serious history, shall we?

Have an AB FAN week,

Take Care and Be Safe,

Tom K. ;)

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20 March 1910
Gaspard-Felix Tournachon, alias Nadar, the photographer and balloonist, dies. He had taken the first aerial (balloon) photographs in 1863.

17 March 1911
The Curtiss D pusher-engined biplane with a tricycle landing gear is demonstrated to the United States Army. Later it becomes their Army Aeroplane No.2.

20 March 1915
The Belgian Aviation Militaire is formed.

17 March 1917
Zeppelin LZ86 (L39) is brought down over Compiegne in France by anti-aircraft fire.

19 March 1918
While on patrol near Heligoland, Ensign Stephen Potter becomes the first United States Navy (USN) airman to shoot down a German aircraft.

21 March 1918
The German spring offensive begins and hundreds of aircraft take part in Kaiserschlacht (‘Emperor’s Battle’).

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Today In Military/Aviation History 9- 15 March

March 8, 2009 9:51 pm

Hello Folks, Yep, It’s Sunday night and here I am once again throwing a weeks worth of Military/Aviation History in your direction. I honestly hope you’re enjoying and learning from this information. I have no idea if anyone is even reading these posts. Believe it or not, I’ve been doing these things going on three years now. Week after week. I, like I said, hope you enjoy looking at these as much as I do posting them for you. Have you ever tried impressing anyone with the Aviation/Military information which is posted here? I hope you have. I know I’ve picked up some stuff that occasionally comes in handy. If you enjoy reading these and  at the same time learn a little something, then my job is complete. I’ll keep puttin’ ‘em down and you keep pickin’ ‘em up and we’ll both be happy. Now, let’s get down to some serious history, shall we?

Have an AB FAN week,

Tom K. ;)

10 March 1910
Frenchman Emil Aubrun makes the world’s first night flights in a Blériot monoplane at Villalugano in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

William W. Gibson, of British Colombia, finishes work on the engine for the Gibson Twin-plane.

13 March 1910
The first aeroplane flight in Switzerland is made by Captain Engelhardt in a Wright A biplane from an ice covered lake at St Moritz.

12 March 1912
The French Service de l’Aéronautique de la Marine is formed.

15 March 1912
The newly established Turkish Army Aviation Section receives its first two French-built aircraft.

14 March 1915
Lincoln Beachey dies when the wings break off his monoplane while he attempts a power dive from 3,000 feet at the Panama-Pacific Exhibition in San Francisco.

12 March 1917
Revolution in Russia.

15 March 1917
Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicates in favor of Grand Duke Michael.

10 March 1918
The Junkers D1, an all-metal single-seat cantilever monoplane fighter, is flown as a prototype. 41 aircraft are eventually produced.

11 March 1918
The first regular international air mail is organized in Austria by A.R. von Marwil. Mail is carried in a Hansa-Brandenburg CI from Vienna to Lvov (then Lemberg) and Proskurov via Cracow. A branch service is also run from Proskurov to Odessa. The service expands on 11 July 1918 by adding Budapest to its destinations, but later collapses with the defeat of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918.

14 March 1918
American aircraft of the 95th (Pursuit) squadron begin patrol flights over the Western Front, defending the River Marne from German reconnaissance aircraft. Observation patrols begin on the 19 March with aircraft of the 94th (Pursuit) squadron.

10 March 1919
The Australian Government announces a prize of £10,000 for the first flight from Great Britain to Australia by Australians, which must be completed within 720 consecutive hours by the end of the year.

Brigadier General William ‘Billy’ Mitchell becomes the United States Director of Military Aeronautics.

13 March 1922
Portuguese pilots Captain Gago Coutinho and Captain Sacadura Cabral set off on a transatlantic flight from Lisbon to Brazil flying a Fairey IIIC. They arrive on 16 June in Fairey IIID ‘Santa Cruz’, their third machine, as earlier two have been wrecked.

12 March 1925
The first Fokker FVIIa makes its maiden flight.

14 March 1927
Pan American World Airways (Pan-Am) is formed.

10 March 1934
After nine fatalities the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) internal mail services are stopped.

9 March 1935
It is announced in Germany that the Luftwaffe has been established.

13 March 1937
Italy announces a four-year expansion program for its air force.

14 March 1939
Hitler announces that Czechoslovakia has become a German Protectorate and its occupation begins the following day.

12 March 1940
Finland capitulates to Soviet invaders in the Winter War.

10 March 1943
The 14th United States Army Air Force (USAAF) is activated with Major General Clair Chennault in command.

9 March 1945
German forces, including air units, continue to attack the bridge at Remagen in an effort to eliminate this allied bridgehead over the Rhine.

9-10 March 1945
279 Marianas-based Boeing B-29s begin a new campaign of low-altitude incendiary night attacks against Japanese cities with an attack on Tokyo.

13 March 1951
Qantas Consolidated Catalina ‘Frigate Bird II’ (VH-ASA) begins a survey flight from Sydney to Chile via Ester Island and makes the airline’s first flight across the South Pacific.

15 March 1951
The Boeing B-47 jet bomber is successfully refuelled in flight by a Boeing KC-97A piston engined tanker.

10 March 1953
Two Czechoslovakian Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 jets attack two United States Air Force (USAF) Republic F-84 Thunderjets near Bavaria.

13 March 1953
Six Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 jet fighters are shot down during air fighting over North Korea.

11 March 1955
Pakistan International Airlines absorbs the fleet and routes of Orient Airways.

15 March 1955
The United States Air Force (USAF) announces that aircraft stationed in the Arctic and approaches to the North American Continent will shortly be armed with Falcon air-to-air guided missiles.

14 March 1956
A new version of the Northrop Scorpion twin-jet all weather fighter is in production.

The first successful launch of a Chrysler Redstone, or Jupiter, is made from Cape Canaveral. This tactical bombardment missile is developed by a team headed by Dr Wernher von Braun the designer of Germany’s V2 rocket.

15 March 1957
A United States Navy (USN) ZPG2 airship establishes a new unrefuelled endurance record of 264 hours 12 minutes.

9 March 1966
General de Gaulle, the President of France, announces that France is to withdraw from the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Alliance.

9 March 1987
USAir makes public its buy-out of Piedmont Airlines for $1.59 billion.

12 March 1993
General Dynamics’ Military Aircraft Division is acquired by Lockheed in a $1.525 billion deal, which includes the highly successful F-16 fighter.

13 March 1998
Hans von Ohain, who pioneered the design of the jet engine in Germany, dies.

11 March 2001
The Lockheed Martin X-35A Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) completes its flight test schedule, logging 73 flights and 58 hours flying time. The X-35B Short Take-Off Vertical Landing (STOVL) variant of the JSF begins testing of its Vertical Take-Off and Landing (VTOL) capabilities.

15 March 2001
Two hijackers, identifying themselves as Chechen rebels, seize control of a Vnukovo Airlines Tu 154 with 162 passengers on board as it departs Istanbul Ataturk airport. The aircraft lands safely at Medina airport in Saudi Arabia, where the hijack is brought to an end by Saudi Special Forces, who storm the airplane, killing one of the hijackers, a passenger and a stewardess.

11 March 2005
Jetsgo ceases all operations and declares bankruptcy protection.

China’s first private airline, Okay Airlines has its maiden revenue flight.

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That’s it for this week Folks.  See ya in seven.

Today In Military/Aviation History 2- 8 March

March 1, 2009 9:38 pm

Hello Folks, well not only did a week shoot by, but also a month. Yep, March is here. That’s okay, that much closer to Spring, warm weather and AIRSHOW SEASON! Can’t wait! I’ll probably only be attending two this year: Geneseo’s “GO NAVY” and the Rochester International Airport shows, but I live through other’s experiences, so when the photos from those other events start showing up an the 1941 HAG Message Board, I’ll pretend I took in those too. That’s all I really need. I’m easy. I sincerely hope that all the Air Shows this year make enough to at least break even what with the economy the way it is. We’ll see. Let’s get down to some serious history, shall we?

Have an AB FAN week,

Tom K. ;)

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5 March 1906
The Vuia I, built by Rumanian born aviator Trajan Vuia, is the first aircraft with pneumatic tires and is first tested at Montesson in France. However, the aircraft was virtually flightless. Five ‘flights’ were made of which the longest was 24 meters.

8 March 1910
Mademoiselle Elise Deroche, better known under her self awarded title ‘la Baronne de Laroche’, becomes the world’s first qualified female pilot and the 36th French pilot, when she is awarded her brevet.

3 March 1911
Philip O. Parmelee, with Lieutenant B. Foulois as passenger, receives radio messages and drops written messages to army units during a flight near the Mexico/Texas border.

5 March 1911
The Belgian Army Balloon Company is formed as the Compagnie des Ouviers et Aerostiers.

5 March 1912
Bob Fowler completes a west to east coast-to-coast crossing of the USA, from Los Angeles to Jacksonville, after 4 months.

5 March 1913
The 1st Aero Squadron of the United States Army is formed.

3 March 1915
The United States National Advisory Committee is established by Congress to investigate the problems of flight and solutions to them. The organization is a forerunner to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).

4 March 1915
$300,000 funding is passed by the United States Congress for the development of army aviation in 1916.

5 March 1915
Zeppelin LZ33 (L8) crashes near Ostend after being hit by gunfire over Nieuport during a mission to attack Britain.

7 March 1915
Paris comes under attack from German Zeppelins.

8 March 1917
Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin, the father of the rigid airship, dies of pneumonia aged 78.

3 March 1918
The American Expeditionary Force (AEF) begin airship operations with the French Astra-Torres AT1 non-rigid dirigible (steerable airship).

5 March 1918
The 2nd Balloon company is established, becoming the first United States balloon unit to serve operationally in France with American Expeditionary Force (AEF) ground forces.

3 March 1919
William Boeing and Edward Hubbard use the Boeing Model CL4S to carry out the first United States international air mail service, between Seattle in America and Victoria in Canada.

5 March 1923
Igor Sikorsky, having previously escaped from Russia, forms the Sikorsky Aero Engineering Corporation in the USA.

8 March 1926
Dr Robert H. Goddard statically tests one of his first rockets.

4 March 1936
The world’s largest rigid airship, the German Zeppelin Company’s LZ129 ‘Hindenburg’, makes its first flight.

7 March 1936
Hitler renounces the 1925 Locano Treaty and German troops march unopposed into the Rhineland.

3 March 1939
The first Pan American World Airways Boeing 314 flying boat is named ‘Yankee Clipper’ by Mrs Franklin D. Roosevelt at a ceremony in Washington DC.

2-4 March 1943
The Battle of the Bismarck Sea: a major attempt by the Japanese to re-enforce Lae is foiled by United States Southwest Pacific Air Forces. 40,000 tons of Japanese shipping is sunk and almost 60 aircraft are destroyed.

5 March 1944
Brigadier General Orde Wingate’s special force lands at ‘Broadway’ in North Burma, in a night glider (sailplane) operation.

6 March 1944
During the first United States Army Air Force (USAAF) attack on Berlin, 69 of the 660 heavy bombers deployed are lost and 11 escort fighters are shot down.

8 March 1946
The Bell Model 47 is granted the first commercial helicopter certificate to be awarded by the United States Civil Aviation Authority.

6 March 1951
The United States Air Force (USAF) approves license production of the English Electric Canberra by the Glenn L. Martin Company, under the designation ‘B-57′. It is the first operational aircraft of non-United States design to be accepted into service with the USAF since the 2nd World War.

5 March 1953
A Polish Air Force pilot lands a Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-15 jet and seeks political asylum on the Danish island of Bornholm.

8 March 1954
The United States and Japan sign a mutual defense agreement.

2 March 1955
The Boeing Airplane Company receives its first major production contract for the KC-135 Stratotanker.

8 March 1956
KLM Royal Dutch Airlines orders twelve Lockheed Electras the first European order for American propeller-turbine engine airliners.

3 March 1959
United States Pioneer 4 space probe is launched in an attempt to obtain pictures of the Moon’s surface, while making a fly-past of about 32,200 kilometers (20,000 miles).

6 March 1965
A Sikorsky SH-3A Sea King makes the first non-stop helicopter flight across North America. Taking off from the carrier USS Hornet at San Diego in California, it lands on the carrier USS Franklin D. Roosevelt at Jacksonville in Florida. The distance travelled is 3,405 kilometers (2,116 miles) and a new international straight-line distance record for helicopters is established.

8 March 1967
The West German Air Force announce that all the ejection seats in their Lockheed F-104G Starfighter fleet will be replaced with Martin-Baker GQ7 seats.

2 March 1969
The Sud Aviation/British Aircraft Corporation (BAC) Concorde 001 Super Sonic Transport (SST) prototype makes its first flight at Toulouse, piloted by André Turcat, Sud’s chief test pilot.

2 March 1971
A change in policy means that female United States Air Force (USAF) officers can take 12 months leave from the service if they become pregnant.

3 March 1974
A McDonnell Douglas DC10 of THY Turkish Airlines crashes into forests North of Paris, killing all 346 people on board. in the world’s worst air disaster to date. The crash spread wreckage over a 7 mile radius.

8 March 1974
Charles De Gaulle Airport, 25 kilometers (15.5 miles) from the center of Paris and Europe’s newest international airport, is officially opened by the French Prime Minister.

3 March 2001
A Thai airways International Boeing 737-400 is destroyed while parked at Bangkok international airport. The explosion and subsequent fire occur 35 minutes before Thailand’s Prime Minister is due to board the aircraft for a flight to Chaing Mai.

6 March 2001
Northrop Grumman RQ-4A Global Hawk Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) is cleared for production and testing with the United States Air Force.

4 March 2002
Ansett (Mark II) permanently ceases operations.

5 March 2005
Steve Fossett completes the first non-stop, solo circumnavigation of the world in the Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer, completing the trip in 67 hours and 2 minutes.

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That’s it for this week Folks. See ya in seven.

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