Warbirds Online

Archive for February, 2009

This Week In Military/Aviation History 23 February – 1 March

February 23, 2009 10:47 am

Hello Folks, how was your week? Mine was kind of interesting. I was diagnosed with severe sleep apnea. What a wake-up call (lol). Actually severe is 40 apneas (breathing stoppages) per hour.  Me, I was not messing around. I averaged 70.8 apneas per hour. Tuesday I get my CPAP machine. It has a mask and I’ll have to wear the thing every night when I go to sleep. What this puppy does is it takes room air, humidifies it and pumps it back through the mask under pressure to keep your airway open and you sleep more soundly. What happens now is when my airway collapses, my brain wakes me up to start breathing again. It’s the constant sleep, wake, sleep, that doesn’t allow you to get your proper rest. It happens so fast though you don’t realize it’s going on, but you wake up loagy. Who knows, maybe I’ll stop dozing off in front of this computer screen………………………..oops, there I go again. Yes, it should be interesting. Stay tuned. In the meantime, let’s get down to some serious history, shall we ? (while I’m still awake, that is)

Have an AB FAN week,

Tom K. ;)

March 1911
The Aeronautica Militar Espanola is formed in Spain.

Captain Chambers of the United States Bureau of Navigation is ordered to assist in the formation of a United States Navy (USN) aviation branch.

March 1912
The German Aviation Experimental Establishment (DVL) is established at Berlin-Adlershof.

The first seaplane competition is held at Monaco.

Structural failures lead the French government to ground Blériot monoplanes. Louis Blériot investigates and the ban is lifted after two weeks.

The Liore & Olivier aircraft company is founded by French engineers Fernand Liore and Henri Olivier.

1 March 1912
The first parachute jump from an aeroplane, a Benoist biplane, is made over Jefferson Barracks in St Louis, USA, by Captain Albert Berry.

27 February 1913
Slavorosov, Caproni’s chief test pilot, flies from Milan to Rome on a tour arranged by the La Gazzetta dello Sport newspaper.

March 1913
The twin-engined Bolshoi Bal’tisky (The Great Baltic) or Grand RBVZ, produced by Igor Sikorsky, takes it’s first flight.

China orders it’s first military aircraft, 12 Caudrons, from France.

March 1918
The Aviation of the 1st Polish Corps is formed from the 1st Polish aviation Unit.

Ilmailuvòimat, the Finnish Air Arm, is formed.

Dr Ing Theodor von Kárman and Wilheim Zurovec complete an electrically powered helicopter in Budapest. The PKZ1 performs four tethered lift-offs, with all but one carrying three people.

March 1919
Italian Caproni aeroplanes are used to inaugurate a regular international air service between Padova and Vienna.

1 March 1919
German airline Deutsche Luft-Reederei extends its air network to Hamburg.

25 February – 25 April 1934
American airwoman Laura Ingalls undertakes a solo flight round South America, a distance of 27,359 kilometers (17,000 miles).

March 1934
A Tupolev ANT-4, piloted by A.V. Lyapidevsky, makes the first landing on ice in the Arctic, while on a rescue mission.

March 1936
The first flight test of a liquid-fuel rocket, developed by the German Wernher von Braun, ends in failure when the test Heinkel He 112 explodes. The pilot Erich Warsitz is thrown clear.

26 February 1940
The United States War Department forms the United States Air Defense Command to integrate defenses against possible air attack.

25 February 1941
The Air Defense Force (PVO) is formed in the Soviet Union.

29 February 1944
5th United States Army Air Force (USAAF) aircraft support landings in the Admiralty Islands.

23 February 1945
The German Air Force sinks its last ship of the Second World War; the Henry Bacon belonging to convoy RA64.

28 February 1945
The first manned flight of the Bachem Ba 349 Natter kills the pilot, Oberleutnant Lothar Siebert. Three subsequent manned launches are successful and the aircraft is approved for operational use, although it will not see service.

24 February 1949
Termination of the Arab-Israeli war is confirmed by an Armistice signed on Rhodes.

26 February – 2 March 1949
The first non-stop round the world flight is made by the United States Air Force (USAF) B-50 ‘Lucky Lady II’, piloted by Captain James Gallagher. The aircraft is refuelled in flight four times during its 94 hour 1 minute flight and covers a distance of 37,742 kilometers (23,452 miles).

1 March 1954
A ban on the production of military aircraft in Japan is lifted. An agreement between the Lockheed Aircraft Corporation and the Kawasaki Aircraft company gives Kawasaki the right to manufacture Lockheed F-94C Starfire jets and T-33A jets.

United States hydrogen bombs are exploded on Marshall Islands in the Pacific Ocean.

26 February 1955
George F. Smith becomes the first man in the world to live after an ejection from a North American F-100 Super Sabre traveling at supersonic speed (Mach 1.05) after his controls jammed.

1 March 1955
A second United States Air Force (USAF) Early Warning and Control Wing becomes operational, flying Lockheed RC-121s.

1 March 1956
Turkish airline DHY adopts the name THY-Turkish Airlines.

25 February 1961
Paul F. Bikle, Director of NASA’s Flight Research Center at Edwards Air Force Base in California pilots a Schweizer I23E glider (sailplane) to a height of 14,102 meters (46,267 feet).

29 February 1964
President Johnson reveals the existence of the Lockheed A-11 high altitude high-speed reconnaissance aircraft.

26 January 1969
Brazil’s naval air arm is re-established as an independent service. It had been absorbed by the air force in 1941.

1 March 1984
Braniff begins to operate a domestic airline services in the United States after a two year gap caused by bankruptcy.

25 February 1988
India first launches the indigenously developed Prithvi tactical missile.

23 February 1997
93 construction workers are rescued by helicopter from a burning Bangkok skyscraper, which caught fire during building work.

28 February 1998
The unmanned Ryan RQ-4A Global Hawk flies for the first time. The aircraft is intended to replace the United States Air Force’s Lockheed U-2 in the high-altitude, long-range reconnaissance role.

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That’s it for this week Folks.  See ya in seven.

This Week In Military/Aviation History 16 – 22 February

February 15, 2009 10:27 pm

Hello Folks, yet another 7 gone and I’m back again. Did ya miss me? To be honest, I really don’t have anything to talk about this week either. You decide if this is a good thing or not. In the meantime, lets get down to some serious history, shall we?

Have an AB FAN week,

Be Safe,

Tom K. ;)

=====================================================================

18 February 1911
Under the auspices of the British Army, Mr Henri Pecquet in a Humer-Sommer biplane made the first official airmail flight at the United Provinces Exhibition in Allahabad, India. He flew 6,000 letters and cards 5 miles from Allahabad to Naini Junction where they were transferred to rail.

22 February 1911
Henri Pequet and Captain W.G. Windham begin a regular airmail service between Allahabad and Naini Junction in India, to coincide with the Universal Postal Exhibition in Allahabad.

16 February 1912
Frank Coffyn films New York from the air using a cinema camera while controlling his aircraft with his feet and knees.

17 February 1912
French military aircraft make their first flights in Algeria.

17 February 1915
Zeppelin LZ34 (L3) is stranded and destroyed in a gale at Jutland.

20 February 1915
Allan Loughhead is given permission to start an air service during the Panama-Pacific Exhibition at San Francisco, flying 600 passengers across the bay in 50 days.

19 February 1916
Austrian physicist Ernst Mach, remembered for his research into aerodynamics and the speed of sound, dies aged 77.

21 February 1916
Zeppelin LZ47 is attacked and destroyed during a raid.

18 February 1918
The first American fighter squadron, the 95th Aero (Pursuit) Squadron, arrives in France.

19 February 1934
All existing air mail contracts are cancelled and the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) begins flying internal mail services.

19 February 1936
Brigadier General William ‘Billy’ Mitchell, the United States Army Air Corps’ advocate of air power, dies in the Doctor’s Hospital in New York.

19 February 1942
The first air attack on Australia takes place when Japanese bombers attack shipping in the harbor at Port Darwin.

22 February 1942
The first United States Army Air Force (USAAF) headquarters in Europe are established in the United Kingdom with Brigadier General I.C. Eaker commanding.

17 February 1944
Twelve radar equipped United States Navy (USN) Grumman TBF1C Avengers, from the USS Enterprise, attack Truk by night. This is the first night bombing attack launched by an American aircraft carrier.

16 February 1945
United States Army Air Force (USAAF) C-47s drop more than 2,000 paratroopers on Corregidor. The island has already been ‘softened up’ by a major bombardment of Japanese positions.

17 February 1945
Softening up operations begin against Iwo Jima. United States Navy (USN) carrier aircraft and naval guns combine with the 7th United States Army Air Force (USAAF) Consolidated B-24 Liberators to pound Japanese positions.

19 February 1945
United States Marines, with massive air and sea bombardment support, begin landing on Iwo Jima.

21 February 1945
The American carrier USS Saratoga is hit and badly damaged by a Kamikaze attack.

16 February 1953
Two Republic F-84 Thunderjets flown by Japanese Defense Force pilots intercept two Russian piston-engined fighters over north Japan.

18-19 February 1953
United States aircraft make heavy attacks on Communist forces in North Korea.

18 February 1956
Finnair inaugurates airline services to Moscow.

19 February 1957
The Bell X-14 makes its first hovering flight.

17 February 1959
The United States Navy (USN) launches the weather-reporting Vanguard II satellite into Earth orbit.

20 February 1962
The United States’ first earth orbit astronaut is launched into space. Lieutenant Colonel John H. Glenn of the United States Marine Corps (USMC) completes 3 orbits in a flight time of 4 hours 55 minutes 23 seconds.

21 February 1973
Israeli fighters shoot down a Libyan Airlines Boeing 727, killing all 104 passengers and crew. Israel claims the aircraft had flown into restricted airspace over the Sinai peninsula and that all attempts to communicate with the pilot had failed.

22 February 1974
Lieutenant (Junior Grade) Barbara Ann Allen becomes the first woman transport pilot in the United States Navy.

18 February 1981
John K. Northrop, founder of Northrop Aircraft, dies.

16 February 1982
The first Airbus A310 is completed at Toulouse. The aircraft is destined for service with Swissair.

20 February 1986
A permanently manned space station, the Soviet Union’s ‘Mir’ (Peace), is launched.

22 February 1988
It is announced that the Air Industries Division of the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps in Iran has produced an in-house two-seat light aircraft.

17 February 2005
Opening of a new international airport in Nagoya, Japan. It is the third Japanese international airport.

=====================================================================

That’s it for this week Folks.  See ya in seven.

This Week In Military/Aviation History 9 – 15 February

February 8, 2009 10:47 pm

Hello Folks, it’s that time again. Seven gone and here I am. I think I’ll give you a break this week. Doesn’t it toast your cookies when someone talks and talks and says nothing. I was once told I was talking but I was not communicating. Yeah, that’s me, the great noncommunicator. All I do is ramble on and on and, well, on. Babble and natter, and babble again. it irritates me when people repeat themselves and repeat themselves, repeating themselves, well, again and again and, well, again. Well, I won’t be doing any of that stuff. Nope, none of that stuff. That stuff is out. None of that stuff from me, I’ll be a stuff buster. Stuff begone! Well, that’s enough of that stuff. Let’s get down to some serious history, shall we?

Have an AB FAN week,

Tom K. ;)

=====================================================================

10 February 1908
The United States Army signs a contract with the Wright brothers for the construction of a Wright Model A biplane.

14 February 1932
A diesel-powered Lockheed Vega flown by R. Nichols at Floyd Bennet Field in New York sets a world altitude record for a diesel powered aircraft of 6,074 meters (19,928 feet).

12 February 1935
United States Navy dirigible (steerable airship) USS Macon crashes into sea of California, but fortunately only two crew members are killed.

11-12 February 1942
The German battle-cruisers Scharnhorst and Gneisenau and the cruiser Prinz Eugen leave Brest and escape through the English Channel. They are provided with a strong Luftwaffe air umbrella during the passage.

13 February 1943
Marine Fighter Squadron 124 makes the first operational use of the Vought F4U Corsair aircraft during an escort mission of Navy Consolidated PB4Y Liberators attacking Bougainville.

15 February 1943
Major General Iran C. Eaker is appointed as Commanding General of the 8th United States Army Air Force (USAAF) in the United Kingdom, in succession to Major General Carl Spaatz.

15 February 1944
222 allied bombers attack the monastery of Monte Cassino in Italy. The Germans had not occupied the monastery buildings but immediately after the raid they turn the ruins into a bastion. Successive attempts to take the monastery fail and it is not until 18 May that Polish forces succeed in occupying the heights.

13-15 February 1945
Royal Air Force (RAF) and United States Army Air Force (USAAF) night and day bombers attack Dresden in Germany. These attacks create a fire storm which virtually destroys the city. Estimates of the dead vary from 35,000 to 220,000.

11 February 1959
A United States weather balloon climbs to a record height of 44,500 meters (146,000 feet)

12 February 1959
The United States Air Force (USAF) withdraws its last operational Convair B-36 bomber from service.

13 February 1960
France explodes an atomic weapon in the Sahara Desert.

9 February 1969
The first flight of the Boeing 747 prototype.

12 February 1969
Mil Mi12, the world’s largest helicopter, establishes a number of load-to-height records.

11 February 1970
Japan launches it’s first domestic satellite, becoming he fourth nation to do so using it’s own nationally built rocket.

13 February 1972
The Soviet Union begins using Cuba as a base for reconnaissance aircraft, surveying and gathering intelligence along the American coast.

12 February 1981
The helium-filled balloon ‘Jules Verne’, piloted by Americans Max Anderson and Don Ida, lifts off from Luxor in Egypt, in an attempt to circumnavigate the globe. Two days later the attempt is aborted after 2,900 miles of travel.

10 February 1993
Taiwan unveils its new fighter, the IDF, designed for the Republic of China Air Force with assistance from General Dynamics. The IDF first flew in 1989 and is now ready to go into full production.

9 February 1996
The German Second World War fighter ace General Adolf Galland dies aged 83.

=====================================================================

That’s it for this week Folks.  See ya in seven

He 162 Volksjäger gear retraction test

February 4, 2009 1:32 pm

This Week In Military/Aviation History 2 – 8 February

February 1, 2009 10:37 pm

Well Folks, did you ever notice that the only time you feel time is slowing down is when you are waiting for something to arrive? It seems forever when you check on something’s delivery date and it has still got 2-4 weeks to go. Amazing isn’t it? I don’t know why I torture myself by buying FineScale Modeler’s Great Scale Modeling special editions. I like to think I’m a pretty good modeler, but when I look at the photo and read the caption of a gorgeous looking kit and find out it’s scratch-built or enhanced with this and that, or even built straight out of the box but weathered with pastels or polished to a mirror-finish, first it inspires me to work smarter and not harder (see last week’s post) and then when that fizzles out, it puts reality right in front of my face. I don’t know how many times, even though I’m really careful, I lose one or two small parts to the rug-monster or glance at the instructions, build something, and find out my glance missed an important part and I have to try taking it apart to add what I missed. It’s always somethin’! Oh well, let’s get down to some serious history, shall we?

Have an AB FAN (ABsolutely FANtastic) week,

Be Safe,

Tom K. ;)

5 February 1911
Vivian C. Walsh makes the first aeroplane flight in New Zealand in his Howard-Wright (type) biplane at Auckland.

7 February 1911
The first French flying certificate is issued to Lieutenant de Rose.

3 February 1913
The Gothaer Waggonfabrik (Gotha railway wagon factory) open an aeroplane division.

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